The Ministry of Energy’s 20 year least cost power development plan covering the period 2010-2030, indicates that nuclear energy compares favourably with geothermal and coal.
Based on the costs and the need to have a robust generation mix with a low carbon footprint, it is proposed that nuclear energy be made part of the power generation mix.
It mitigates the effects of global warming as it emits less green gases compared to fossil and other renewable energy sources
A medium sized power plant has a life of between 40-70 yrs; a stable sustainable and clean power supply in the long run.
HOW IS NUCLEAR ENERGY PRODUCED?
Nuclear energy is released by the splitting (fission) or merging together (fusion) of the nuclei of atom(s). This releases an enormous amounts of energy.
This energy, in the form of heat is transferred to steam turbines to generate electricity. Electricity is then fed into a grid for domestic and industrial use.
In 2010 Kenya’s National Economic & Social Council recommended that the country start using nuclear power by 2020 to meet its growing electricity demand. A former Energy Minister was appointed to head a Nuclear Electricity Project Committee which became the Kenya Nuclear Electricity Board (KNEB) in May 2014, and aims to replace some oil and gas-fired capacity with nuclear power.
The KNEB is charged with fast-tracking the development of nuclear electricity generation in Kenya with a mission to promote “safe and secure application of nuclear technology” for sustainable electricity generation and distribution. In 2016 an IAEA integrated regulatory review (IRR) of Kenya’s Radiation Protection Board was undertaken. The goal of having 1000 MWe of nuclear capacity on line by 2025 and 4000 MWe by 2033 has been reaffirmed in 2016.